Writing a Hook Script

OpenTimelineIO Hook Scripts are plugins that run at predefined points during the execution of various OTIO functions, for example after an adapter has read a file into memory but before the media linker has run.

To write a new hook script, you create a python source file that defines a function named hook_function with signature: hook_function :: otio.schema.Timeline, Dict => otio.schema.Timeline

The first argument is the timeline to process, and the second one is a dictionary of arguments that can be passed to it by the adapter or media linker. Only one hook function can be defined per python file.

For example:

def hook_function(tl, argument_map=None):
    for cl in tl.each_clip():
        cl.metadata['example_hook_function_was_here'] = True
    return tl

This will insert some extra metadata into each clip.

This plugin can then be registered with the system by configuring a plugin manifest.

Registering Your Hook Script

To create a new OTIO hook script, you need to create a file myhooks.py. Then add a manifest that points at that python file:

    "OTIO_SCHEMA" : "PluginManifest.1",
    "hook_scripts" : [
            "OTIO_SCHEMA" : "HookScript.1",
            "name" : "example hook",
            "filepath" : "myhooks.py"
    "hooks" : {
        "pre_adapter_write" : ["example hook"],
        "post_adapter_read" : [],
        "post_adapter_write" : [],
        "post_media_linker" : []

The hook_scripts section will register the plugin with the system, and the hooks section will attach the scripts to hooks.

Then you need to add this manifest to your OTIO_PLUGIN_MANIFEST_PATH environment variable. You may also define media linkers and adapters via the same manifest.

Running a Hook Script

If you would like to call a hook script from a plugin, the hooks need not be one of the ones that OTIO pre-defines. You can have a plugin adapter or media linker, for example, that defines its own hooks and calls your own custom studio specific hook scripts. To run a hook script from your custom code, you can call:

otio.hooks.run("some_hook", some_timeline, optional_argument_dict)

This will call the some_hook hook script and pass in some_timeline and optional_argument_dict.

Order of Hook Scripts

To query which hook scripts are attached to a given hook, you can call:

import opentimelineio as otio
hook_list = otio.hooks.scripts_attached_to("some_hook") 

Note that hook_list will be in order of execution. You can rearrange this list, or edit it to change which scripts will run (or not run) and in which order.

To Edit the order, change the order in the list:

hook_list[0], hook_list[2] = hook_list[2], hook_list[0]
print hook_list # ['c','b','a']

Now c will run, then b, then a.

To delete a function in the list:

del hook_list[1]

Example Hooks

Replacing part of a path for drive mapping

An example use-case would be to create a pre-write adapter hook that checks the argument map for a style being identified as nucoda and then preforms a path replacement on the reference url:

def hook_function(in_timeline,argument_map=None):
    adapter_args = argument_map.get('adapter_arguments')
    if adapter_args and adapter_args.get('style') == 'nucoda':
        for in_clip in in_timeline.each_clip():
            ''' Change the Path to use windows drive letters ( Nucoda is not otherwise forward slash sensative ) '''
            if in_clip.media_reference:
                in_clip.media_reference.target_url = in_clip.media_reference.target_url.replace(r'/linux/media/path','S:')

Add an incremental copy of otio file to backup folder

Example of a post adapter write hook that creates a timestamped copy of newly written file in a hidden “incremental” folder:

import os
import time
import shutil

def hook_function(in_timeline, argument_map=None):
    # Adapter will add "_filepath" to argument_map
    filepath = argument_map.get('_filepath')

    backup_name = "{filename}.{time}".format(
    incrpath = os.path.join(
    shutil.copyfile(filepath, incrpath)

    return in_timeline    

Please note that if a “post adapter write hook” changes in_timeline in any way, the api will not automatically update the already serialized file. The changes will only exist in the in-memory object, because the hook runs after the file is serialized to disk.